Indonesia has its own initiative to use ideology to suit the personality by delving deeply into a culture that has, until chosen Pancasila.
Will not discuss ideology apart from discussing anything related to one's own convictions and beliefs of a community group. These beliefs eventually become the foundation of thought and action. Ideology be the foundation of a country, so his position is very important.
Dimensions in Ideology
Ideology can survive when faced with changes in society if it has a dimension of reality, the dimensions of idealism, and the dimensions of flexibility.
The ability of ideology to reflect the reality of a society is reflected in the dimensions of reality. Idealism dimension describes the ability of ideology as a giver of hope for the future development, while the ideological dimension of flexibility is the ability to adjust to the developments. Pancasila has three dimensions.
Formulation of the history of Pancasila
Discuss the process of formulating the Pancasila course will be detached from the process of preparing the Indonesia's independence. For the first time, a term introduced in the trial BPUPKI Pancasila.
• Session I BPUPKI (May 29, 1945 - 1 June 1945)
Body established by the Japanese on May 28, 1945 has the objective to prepare the independence of Indonesia. Efforts Investigation Agency Preparation of Independence (BPUPKI) chaired by dr. Radjiman Widiodiningrat has 62 members.
The members asked Dr BPUPKI trial. Radjiman Widiodiningrat to give an opinion on the basis of an independent Indonesia in the first trial. This was done because the basic state is required to give an overview of the basis, nature, and purpose of a country when it was established later. The trial is the first time to discuss the basic formulation of the state of Indonesia.
Session I BPUPKI held for three days. Three people the opportunity to express an opinion on the State of Indonesia is Muhammad Yamin on May 29, 1945, Supomo on May 31, 1945, and Sukarno on June 1, 1945.
Sukarno's Pancasila ideology proposed, which was then celebrated as the birth of Pancasila. Sukarno's Pancasila name itself derived from Moh.Yamin is also an expert on grammar. Panca sila means that while the mean of five principles. Unfortunately in this trial have not reached agreement on the basis of the state of Indonesia.
• Charter Jakarta (Jakarta Charter)
On June 22, 1945 in Jakarta held a meeting conducted by members of BPUPKI. This meeting discussed the preamble of the draft and discuss the relationship between the nationalists and Muslims that do not disintegrate after the formulation of the set.
The committee in charge of nine people drawn from members BPUPKI, that Sukarno, Mohammad Hatta, Ahmad Subardjo, AA Maramis, Abdul Kahar Muzakir, Wachid Hashim, KH Agus Salim, Tjokrosujoso, and Muhammad Yamin, formed a committee called the Committee of Nine, headed by Sukarno.
Nine committee task is to set the preamble of the draft is known as the Jakarta Charter, and contains five principles, namely:
1. Divinity with Islamic law obligations run for followers-followers
2. Just and civilized humanity
3. The unity of Indonesia
4. Democracy guided by the inner wisdom of deliberations of representatives
5. Social justice for all people of Indonesia
• Session II BPUPKI (10 to 17 July 1945)
Having formulated the basic state at the first trial BPUPKI, in the second session of the Committee established designer of the Constitution which is also headed by Sukarno. On July 16, the Constitution has been formed through various processes and debate on its contents during the trial BPUPKI place. Dissolution BPUPKI officially done after the trial outcome conveyed and Soekarno proposal to establish a Preparatory Committee for the Independence filed.
• Formulation of Pancasila in the Assembly PPKI
After Indonesia proclaimed its independence, was the completeness of Indonesia to establish a state is still not enough. Sukarno's proposal to establish a Preparatory Committee of Independence was received.
On August 7, 1945, established the Preparatory Committee for Indonesian Independence (PPKI), headed by Sukarno and Mohammad Hatta as vice. Decisions are made when the hearing on August 18, 1945 was to change the content of the formulation of the first precepts contained in the Jakarta Charter. Sila, which reads "Belief in Islamic law with the obligation to run for followers-followers" on the seven words changed to "Belief in God Almighty".
This is done to maintain a sense of national unity of Indonesia and to respect pluralism. The decision was approved by all members of PPKI.
The formulation of the ideology of Pancasila Indonesia is the formula that was agreed by members PPKI on August 18, 1945 and listed on the opening of the 1945 Constitution. Thus, Pancasila Pancasila is legitimate contained in the preamble of the 1945 Constitution.
In addition, the trial PPKI produced three important decisions, namely: establishing as president Soekarno and Mohammad Hatta as vice, passed the 1945 Constitution, and determined that before the Assembly is formed, the task will be assisted by the president of the national committee.
The final result Pancasila formula:
1. Belief in God Almighty,
2. Just and civilized humanity,
3. The unity of Indonesia,
4. Democracy guided by the inner wisdom of deliberations of representatives,
5. Social justice for all Indonesian people.
Pancasila above formulation has become the final results and should not be changed. In addition, because the formula is listed at the opening of the Constitution, the reasons are not allowed to be more powerful changing for changing the opening of the Constitution means disband Homeland.
The ideology of Pancasila as the Indonesian nation. Pancasila has several important functions. In addition to the basic state of Indonesia, Pancasila also has several other functions, such as:
1. Unify the nation and maintain unity.
Given that Indonesia has a cultural diversity and plurality of high, Pancasila is needed as an integral tool.
2. Guide a nation to achieve its goals.
Pancasila give an outlook and spirit to keep fighting to achieve something.
3. Motivate citizens to develop the nation's identity.
As the state, Pancasila became the source of all sources of law and the reference of the existing laws in Indonesia. Therefore, all the rules in force in Indonesia should not be there as opposed to Pancasila.
Pancasila as an ideology of open
Unlike the other ideology, Pancasila has the ability to develop, according to the dimensions of flexibility it has. Pancasila ideology which is not an absolute and rigid. Moreover, Pancasila values taken directly from the values and culture that is owned by the people of Indonesia, so that its value can be adjusted.
Pancasila itself has no value to the nation in Indonesia even before the proposed hearing BPUPKI. However, the Pancasila as it can not be seen because the nation is still colonized.
Pancasila has five basic values that are used to give guidance in organizing the state. Because it only has five basic values, the interpretation of each of the precepts can be adjusted to cope with diverse problems. Pancasila ideology can become actual.
Pancasila is a political ideology which is used as guidance for the life of the nation as the central issue discussed five countries, namely: a position of trust in national life, the place of humanity in sebuh countries, for whom the state was founded, the sovereignty of a country, and objectives of the establishment of a state.
Pancasila really appreciate the freedom and diversity. This is evidenced through the precepts "a just and civilized humanity", the right of every human being has the same degree recognized in Pancasila. Even the appearance of Pancasila was also against the backdrop of pluralism in Indonesia.