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Kamis, 09 Agustus 2012

Education In Indonesia

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Education is an important aspect for the development of a nation. Almost all nations prioritize education as a main priority in national development programs. Education is a important factor which can lead a nation to be better. Sometimes, it becomes barometer progress of a nation.
Every nation has its own ways to regulate their educational system. For example, Indonesia with its institution,  Ministry of Education and Culture (Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan or Kemdikbud) has a task to handle educational sector. With this institution, government expect educational problems can be solved easily.

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According Indonesian law number 20 of 2003 about national educational system, a nation has obligation to implement 9 year compulsory education to every citizen both in Indonesia and overseas. It means every citizen should follow this rule during 9 years with Elementary School for 6 years and Junior High School for 3 years.

9 Year Compulsory Education

This program is effort to improve the quality of human resources in Indonesia. It allows all citizen receiving education at least until Junior High School. Government also providing assistance through BOS (Bantuan Operasional Siswa) which given in the form of free tuition or free books.
BOS is one of the compensation fund to reduce the costs of education, especially for the poor society. BOS program is expected to ease the burden of citizen so they have a passion for studying without having burdened by the cost.

Applicable Education Curriculum in Indonesia

Since 2006, Competency Based Curriculum (KBK) has changed into Education Unit Level Curriculum (KTSP) which require every students to be more active than teacher. Besides, students are expected to be more critical when face a new problem. This new curriculum provides a wider opportunity for the school to expand lessons.
Now, definition of Education not only about teacher who ask their students to write every subject,  but also students with ability expand the topic from lesson which has given.

National Examination

National Examination is a program from goverment to measure students ability using written test. After passing Elementary School, students must follow national examination to get a certificate which contain their scores to continue their study in Junior High School.
In Junior High School, national examination must be follow again in order to continue study in Senior High School.
For students which fail in National Examination, government give opportunity for them to repeat next year.
Problems Education in Indonesia

1.      Poverty
Indonesia face various problems in education. Poverty become a main problem that very difficult to be solved. Poverty can lead someone think to ignore education for it can not bring income instantly.

2.      Less enthusiasm for learning
Less enthusiasm to learn about new things also become a problem. It can reduce an opportunity to find new things which can be done if student are able to think critically. Besides, less enthusiasm make knowledge becomes less developed. So, students should be trained to be critical from now.

3.      Less physical facilities
Not all citizen have an opportunity to get education. People who live in remote area sometimes have a problem with the lack of facilities. They can not feel how easy to study using computer and connected with internet. Moreover, they study not in the classroom because they have no class.

            Not only government but also we must do hard work to solve this problem.

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